Maine Animal Control Association
 

Beaver

Length:

35-46"

Tail:

11-17"

Weight:

45-60 lbs.

Habitat:

Rivers, streams, marshes, lakes, ponds

Food:

Vegetation, tree twigs, water plants

Litter:

4-5

Born:

April - May

Behavior:

Nocturnal; cuts trees, builds lodges and dams

 

Black Bear

Length:

4½-6¼ft

Height:

3-3½ ft

Weight:

203-595 lbs

Habitat:

Fairly remote forests and swamps

Food:

Vegetation including twigs, leaves, buds, nuts, fruits

Litter:

1-5 (avg. 2)

Born:

Jan - March

Behavior:

Nocturnal, solitary, mark trees by clawing and ripping off bark

 

Bobcat

Length:

28-49"

Tail:

3-7"

Weight:

14-68 lbs.

Habitat:

Scrubby country, broken forests

Food:

Rabbits, mice, squirrels, porcupines, cave bats

Litter:

2-3

Born:

April - May

Behavior:

Active day and night, solitary animal

 

Cottontail Rabbit

Length:

14-18"

Tail:

1-3"

Weight:

2-4 lbs

Habitat:

Brushy areas, open woodlands, swamps, mountains

Food:

Summer: grasses and herbs. Winter: seedlings, bark, twigs, buds

Litter:

2 or 3 litters per year; 3-8 young per litter.

Born:

March-July

Behavior:

Secretive, rarely ventures from cover

 

Coyote

Length:

41-52"

Height:

23-26"

Tail:

11-15"

Weight:

20-40 lbs

Habitat:

Hilly, brushy areas, also open areas, adapted to suburbs

Food:

Rabbits, mice, squirrels, birds, frogs, snakes, insects, deer

Litter:

1-10

Born:

April - May

Behavior:

Family is the social unit; strong swimmer

 

Fisher

Length:

33-40"

Weight:

4-20 lbs

Habitat:

Forest, brushlands, grown-up clear cuts

Food:

Small animals, porcupine, berries, nuts

Litter:

1-5

Born:

May - June

Behavior:

Nocturnal; solitary, aggressive hunter

 

Gray Fox

Length:

31-44"

Height:

14-15"

Tail:

8-17"

Weight:

7-13 lbs

Habitat:

Wooded areas and brushlands

Food:

Rabbits, small mammals, birds, insects, fruits, nuts

Litter:

3-4

Born:

March-April

Behavior:

Primarily nocturnal

 

Long-tail Weasel

Length:

11-21 "

Tail:

3-6"

Weight:

3-10 oz

Habitat:

Forest edge, brushland, near water

Food:

Mice, rabbits birds, chipmunks, shrews and rats

Litter:

4-9

Born:

April - May

Behavior:

Nocturnal; tree climber

 

Marten

Length:

19-27"

Tail:

5-9"

Weight:

1-4 lbs

Habitat:

Soft wood dominated mixed forests

Food:

Small mammals, small birds and their eggs, insects, fruits, frogs

Litter:

3-4

Born:

April - May

Behavior:

Active day and night

 

Mink

Length:

19-28"

Tail:

6-7"

Weight:

2-4 lbs

Habitat:

Rivers, creeks, lakes, ponds and marshes

Food:

Small animals, birds, fish, snakes, frogs

Litter:

3-6

Born:

March - April

Behavior:

Nocturnal; most of its time spent hunting

 

Muskrat

Length:

16-24"

Tail:

7-12 "

Weight:

1-4 lbs

Habitat:

Wetlands

Food:

Aquatic plants, crayfish, frogs, and fish

Litter:

4-7

Born:

May - Oct.

Behavior:

Nocturnal; build mud homesites

 

Opossum

Length:

25-40"

Tail:

10-21"

Weight:

4-14 lbs

Habitat:

Open woods, brushy wastelands, farmlands

Food:

Carrion, insects, frogs, birds, snakes, fruits, berries

Litter:

1-14

Born:

March - April

Behavior:

Nocturnal and solitary; "plays dead" as defense

 

Raccoon

Length:

23-37"

Tail:

7-16"

Weight:

12-48 lbs

Habitat:

Wetlands, some developed areas

Food:

Prefers sweet foods, fruit, nuts, bird eggs, insects, frogs

Litter:

4-5

Born:

April - May

Behavior:

Nocturnal and solitary

 

Red Fox

Length:

35-40"

Tail:

13-17"

Weight:

8-15 lbs

Habitat:

Mixed cultivated and wooded areas, brushlands

Food:

Birds and mammals in winter; vegetation and fruits in summer

Litter:

4-8

Born:

March - May

Behavior:

Nocturnal; shy, nervous; good smell and hearing

 

River Otter

Length:

35-51"

Tail:

11-20"

Weight:

11-30 lbs

Habitat:

Wetlands, rivers, lakes, bays

Food:

Fish, frogs, shellfish, and small mammals

Litter:

1-4

Born:

March - April

Behavior:

Active day and night; can travel long distances from home

 

Short-tail Weasel

Length:

7-13"

Tail:

2-3"

Weight:

1-6 oz

Habitat:

Brushland, open fields, wetlands

Food:

Mainly mice but also shrews, baby rabbits and birds

Litter:

4-9

Born:

May - June

Behavior:

Nocturnal; tree climber, investigates holes when hunting

 

Skunk

Length:

20-31"

Tail:

7-15"

Weight:

6-14 lbs

Habitat:

Woodlands, grassy plains, suburbs

Food:

Plants, insects, grubs, small mammals, eggs of ground nesting birds and amphibians

Litter:

4-7

Born:

April - May

Behavior:

Nocturnal; sprays musk as defense

 

White-tailed Deer

Length:

4½-6¾ft

Height:

3-3½ ft

Weight:

200-300 lbs. (m)
150-250 lbs. (f)

Habitat:

Forest edges, swamp borders

Food:

Woody vegetation, green plants, nuts, corn

Litter:

1-3

Born:

May - June

Behavior:

When alarmed it raises its tail to alert others

 





© Copyright 2007 Maine Animal Control Association